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Statement Of PPL Ethical Principles




The PPL Ethical Principles are obligatory for all PPL members.

The PPL Ethical Principles are analogous with those of EAP.

Psychotherapists respect the dignity and worth of the individual and strive for the preservation and protection of fundamental human rights.

They are committed to increasing knowledge of human behavior and of people's understanding of themselves and others and the utilization of such knowledge for the promotion of human welfare.

While pursuing these objectives they make every effort to protect the welfare of those who seek their services, of people related to those using their services (where that does not conflict with the needs of their clients) and of any research participants that may be the object of study.

Psychotherapists respect other members of their profession and of related professions and make every effort, in so far as they are able and where that does not conflict with the interests of their clients, to provide full information and give mutual respect.

They use their skills only for purposes consistent with these values and do not knowingly permit their misuse by others.

While demanding for themselves freedom of inquiry and communication, psychotherapists accept the responsibility this freedom requires: competence, objectivity in the application of skills, and concern for the best interests of clients, colleagues, students, research participants, & society members.

In the pursuit of these ideals, psychotherapists subscribe to detailed ethical principles in the following areas, which follow:

1. Responsibility;

2. Competence;

3. Moral & Legal Standards;

4. Confidentiality;

5. Welfare of the Consumer;

6. Professional Relationships;

7. Public Statements;

8. Assessment Techniques;

9. Research.

Psychotherapists cooperate fully with their own professional, national, and international organizations and associations and with the European Association for Psychotherapy (EAP) by responding promptly and completely to inquiries from and requirements of any duly constituted ethics or professional committees of such associations or organizations of which they are a member or to which they belong.

cceptance onto the Register of the European Certificate for Psychotherapy (ECP) commits a psychotherapist to adherence to all of these principles.



General Principle: In providing services, psychotherapists maintain the highest standards of their profession. They accept the responsibility for the consequences of their acts and make every effort to ensure that their services are used appropriately.

Principle 1.a: As practitioners, psychotherapists know that they bear a heavy social responsibility because their recommendations and professional actions may alter the lives of others. They are alert to personal, social, organizational, financial, environmental, or political situations and pressures that might lead to misuse of their influence.

Principle 1.b: Psychotherapists clarify in advance with their clients all matters that might pertain to their working together. They avoid relationships that may limit their objectivity or create a conflict of interest.

Principle 1.c: Psychotherapists have the responsibility to attempt to prevent distortion, misuse, or suppression of their findings by an institution or agency of which they are employees.

Principle 1.d: As members of PPL, psychotherapists remain accountable as individuals to the highest standards of their profession.

Principle 1.e: As teachers or trainers, psychotherapists recognize their primary obligation to help others acquire knowledge and skill. They maintain high standards of scholarship by presenting information objectively, fully, and accurately.

Principle 1.f: As researchers, psychotherapists accept responsibility for the selection of their research topics and methods used in investigation, analysis and reporting. They plan their research in ways to minimize the possibility that their findings will be misleading. They provide thorough discussion of the limitations of their data, especially where their work touches on social policy or might be construed to the detriment of persons in specific age, sex, ethnic, socioeconomic, or other social groups. In publishing reports of their work, they never suppress disconfirming data, and they acknowledge the existence of alternative hypotheses and explanations of their findings. Psychotherapists take credit only for the work they have actually done. They clarify in advance with all appropriate persons and agencies the expectations for sharing and utilizing research data. Interference with the milieu in which data are collected is kept to a minimum.



General Principle: The maintenance of high standards of competence is a responsibility shared by all psychotherapists in the interest of the public and the profession as a whole. Psychotherapists recognize the boundaries of their competence and the limitations of their techniques. They only provide services and only use techniques for which they are qualified by training and experience. In those areas in which recognized standards do not yet exist, psychotherapists take whatever precautions are necessary to protect the welfare of their clients. They maintain knowledge of current health, scientific and professional information related to the services they render.

Principle 2.a: Psychotherapists accurately represent their competence, education, training, and experience. They claim as evidence of educational & professional training qualifications only those degrees or qualifications obtained from reputable educational institutions or those recognized by the PPL. They ensure that they adequately meet the minimum professional standards as laid down by by the EAP, PPL and the criteria of the relevant European Wide Accrediting Organisation in their modality or method, where these exist. They respect the other sources of education, training and experience that they have received.

Principle 2.b: As practitioners, and as teachers or trainers, psychotherapists perform their duties on the basis of careful preparation and readiness so that their practice is of the highest standard and communication is accurate, current, and relevant.

Principle 2.c: Psychotherapists recognize the need for continuing education and personal development and are open to new procedures and changes in expectations and values over time.

Principle 2.d: Psychotherapists recognize differences among people, such as those that may be associated with age, sex, socio-economic, and ethnic backgrounds or the special needs of those who might have been specifically disadvantaged. They obtain suitable training, experience, or counsel to assure competent and appropriate service when relating to all such persons.

Principle 2.e: Psychotherapists responsible for decisions involving individuals or policies based on test results have an understanding of psychological or educational measurement, validation problems, and test research.

Principle 2.f: Psychotherapists recognize that personal problems and conflicts may interfere with professional effectiveness. Accordingly they refrain from undertaking any activity in which their personal problems are likely to lead to inadequate performance or harm to a client, colleague, student, or research participant. If engaged in such activity when they become aware of their personal problems, they seek competent professional assistance to determine whether they should suspend, terminate, or limit the scope of their professional activities.

Principle 2.g: Psychotherapists entering into new fields of activity ensure that they have completed all the training and professional requirements related to that field of activity, prior to practicing, and that their activity in this new field is of the highest possible standard. They ensure that there is no dilution of, confusion or conflict with any current activity.

Principle 2.h: Psychotherapists recognize the need for on-going supervision and or professional support.

Principle 2.i: Individual psychotherapist members of PPL have to do regular re-accreditation every 5 years.

Principle 2.j: Psychotherapists recognize the need for maintenance up-to-date ethical awareness, possibly through post-graduate training seminars about ethics, on-going supervision and or professional support.

Principle 2.k: As PPL members psychotherapists are to undertake study of significant and appropriate ethical components as a part of training in psychotherapists to meet PPL training standards requirements.



General Principle: Psychotherapists' moral and ethical standards of behavior are a personal matter to the same degree as they are for any other citizen, except where these may compromise the fulfillment of their professional responsibilities or reduce the public trust in psychotherapy and psychotherapists. Regarding their own personal behavior, psychotherapists are sensitive to prevailing community standards and to the possible impact that conformity to or deviation from these standards may have upon the quality of their performance as psychotherapists. Psychotherapists are also aware of the possible impact of their public behavior upon the ability of colleagues to perform their professional duties.

Principle 3.a: As professionals, psychotherapists act in accord with the principles of PPL and their and their institute or association's standards and guidelines related to practice. Psychotherapists also adhere to relevant governmental laws and regulations. When Russian national, provincial, organizational, or institutional laws, regulations, or practices are in conflict with PPL, or their institution or association's standards and guidelines, psychotherapists make known their commitment to PPL, and their institute or association's standards and guidelines and, wherever possible, work toward a resolution of the conflict. As professionals, they are concerned with the development of such legal and quasi-legal regulations that best serve the public interest, and they work toward changing existing regulations that are not beneficial to the public interest.

Principle 3.b: As employees or employers, psychotherapists do not engage in or condone any practices that are inhumane or that result in illegal or unjustifiable actions. Such practices include, but are not limited to, those based on considerations of race, handicap, age, gender, sexual preference, religion, or national origin in practice, in hiring, promotion, or training.

Principle 3.c: In their professional roles, psychotherapists avoid any action that will violate or diminish the human, legal and civil rights of clients or others who may be affected.

Principle 3.d: As practitioners, teachers, trainers and researchers, psychotherapists are aware of the fact that their personal values may affect their communication, the use of techniques, selection and presentation of views or materials and the nature or implementation of research. When dealing with topics that may give offence, they recognize and respect the diverse attitudes and individual sensitivities that clients, students, trainees or subjects may have towards such matters.



General Principle: Psychotherapists have a primary obligation to respect the confidentiality of information obtained from persons in the course of their work as psychotherapists. They reveal such information to others only with the consent of the person (or the person's legal representative), except in those unusual circumstances in which not to do so would probably result in clear danger to the person or to others. Psychotherapists inform their clients of the legal limits of confidentiality. Consent to reveal information to others would normally be obtained in writing from the person concerned.

Principle 4.a: Information obtained in clinical or consulting relationships, or evaluating data concerning children, students, employees, and others, is discussed only for professional purposes and only with persons clearly concerned with the case. Written and oral reports present only data germane to the purposes of the evaluation or for a referral, and every effort is made to avoid undue invasion of privacy.

Principle 4.b: Psychotherapists who present personal information obtained during the course of professional work in writings, lectures, or other public forums either obtain adequate prior consent to do so or adequately disguise all identifying information.

Principle 4.c: Psychotherapists make provisions for maintaining confidentiality in the storage and disposal of records, and in the event of their own unavailability.

Principle 4.d: When working with minors or other persons who are unable to give voluntary, informed consent, psychotherapists take special care to protect these person's best interests and consult others involved appropriately.



General Principle: Psychotherapists respect the integrity and protect the welfare of the people and groups with whom they work. When conflicts of interest arise between clients and psychotherapists' employing institutions, psychotherapists clarify the nature and direction of their loyalties and responsibilities and keep all parties informed of their commitments. Psychotherapists fully inform clients as to the purpose and nature of any evaluative, treatment, educational, or training procedure, and they openly acknowledge that clients, students, trainees, or participants in research have freedom of choice with regard to participation. Coercion of people to participate or to remain in receipt of services is unethical.

Principle 5.a: Psychotherapists are continually cognizant of their own needs and of their potentially influential position vis-à-vis persons such as clients, students, trainees, subjects and subordinates. They avoid exploiting the trust and dependency of such persons. Psychotherapists make every effort to avoid dual relationships that could impair their professional judgment or increase the risk of exploitation. Examples of such dual relationships include, but are not limited to, professional treatment of or research with employees, students, supervisees, close friends, or relatives. Sexual intimacies with any such clients, students, trainees and research participants are unethical.

Principle 5.b: When a psychotherapist agrees to provide services to a client at the request of a third party, the psychotherapist assumes the responsibility of clarifying the nature of the relationships to all parties concerned.

Principle 5.c: Where the demands of an organization require psychotherapists to violate these or any ethical principles, psychotherapists clarify the nature of the conflict between the demands and the principles. They inform all parties of their ethical responsibilities as psychotherapists and take appropriate action.

Principle 5.d: Psychotherapists make advance financial arrangements that safeguard the best interests of and are clearly understood by their clients, students, trainees or research participants. They neither gives nor receives and remuneration for referring clients for professional services. They contribute a portion of their services to work for which they receive little or no financial return.

Principle 5.e: Psychotherapists terminate a clinical or consulting relationship as soon as it is reasonably clear that the client is not benefiting from it, or whenever the client requires. They offer to help the client locate alternative sources of assistance.



General Principle: Psychotherapists act with due regard for the needs, special competencies, and obligations of their colleagues in psychotherapy, psychology, medicine and other professions. They respect the prerogatives and obligations of the institutions or organizations with which these other colleagues are associated.

Principle 6.a: Psychotherapists understand the areas of competence of related professions. They make full use of all the professional, technical, and administrative resources that serve the best interests of consumers. The absence of formal relationships with other professional workers does not relieve psychotherapists of the responsibility for securing for their clients the best possible professional service, nor does it relieve them of the obligation to exercise foresight, diligence, and tact in obtaining the complementary or alternative assistance needed.

Principle 6.b: Psychotherapists know and take into account the traditions and practices of other professional groups with whom they work and they cooperate fully with such groups. If a person is receiving similar services from another professional, the psychotherapist carefully considers that professional relationship and proceeds with caution and sensitivity to the therapeutic issues as well as the client's welfare. The psychotherapist discusses these issues with the client so as to minimize the risk of confusion and conflict, and seeks, where possible, to maintain clear and agreed relationships with other involved professionals.

Principle 6.c: Psychotherapists who employ or supervise other professionals or professionals in training accept the obligation to facilitate the further professional development of these individuals and take action to ensure their competence. They provide appropriate working conditions, timely evaluations, constructive consultation, and experience opportunities.

Principle 6.d: Psychotherapists do not exploit their professional relationships with clients, supervisees, students, employees or research participants sexually or otherwise. Psychotherapists do not condone or engage in sexual harassment. Sexual harassment is defined as deliberate or repeated comments, gestures, or physical contacts of a sexual nature that are unwanted by the recipient.

Principle 6.e: When psychotherapists know of an ethical violation by another psychotherapist, and it seems appropriate, they informally attempt to resolve the issue by bringing the behavior to the attention of the psychotherapist. If the misconduct is of a minor nature and/or appears to be due to lack of sensitivity, knowledge, or experience, such an informal solution is usually appropriate. Such informal corrective efforts are made with sensitivity to any rights to confidentiality involved. If the violation does not seem amenable to an informal solution, or is of a more serious nature, psychotherapists bring it to the attention of the appropriate institution, association or committee on professional ethics and conduct.

Principle 6.f: Publication credit is assigned to those who have contributed to a publication in proportion to their professional contributions. Major contributions of a professional character made by several persons to a common project are recognized by joint authorship with the individual who made the principle contribution listed first. Minor contributions of a professional character and extensive clerical or similar nonprofessional assistance may be acknowledged in footnotes or in an introductory statement. Acknowledgement through specific citations is made for unpublished as well as published material that has directly influenced the research or writing. Psychotherapists who compile and edit material of others for publication publish the material in the name of the originating group, if appropriate, with their own name appearing as chairperson or editor. All contributors are acknowledged and named.

Principle 6.g: In conducting research in institutions or organizations, psychotherapists secure appropriate authorization to conduct such research. They are aware of their obligation to future research workers and ensure that host institutions receive adequate information about the research and proper acknowledgements of their contributions.



General Principle:

Principle 7.a: When announcing or advertising professional services, psychotherapists may list the following information to describe the provider and services provided: name, highest relevant academic degree or training certificate earned from an accredited institution PPL, another cooperating with PPL national and international organizations, date, type, award of the ECP, , membership of psychotherapy organizations and professionally relevant or related bodies, address, telephone number, office hours, a brief listing of the type of psychological services offered, an appropriate presentation of fee information, foreign languages spoken, policy with regards to insurance or third party payments and other brief & pertinent information. Additional relevant or important consumer information may be included if not prohibited by other sections of these Ethical Principles.

Principle 7.b: In announcing or advertising the availability of psychotherapeutic services or publications, psychotherapists do not present their affiliation with any organization in a manner that falsely implies sponsorship or certification by that organization. In particular and for example, psychotherapists do not state European, national registration or institutional or associational status in a way to suggest that such status implies specialized professional competence or qualifications. Public statements include, but are not limited to, communication by means of periodical, book, list, directory, internet, television, radio, or motion picture. They do not contain (i) a false, fraudulent, misleading, deceptive, or deceptive, or unfair statement; (ii) a misinterpretation of fact or a statement likely to mislead or deceive because in context it makes only a partial disclose of relevant facts; (iii) a testimonial from a patient regarding the quality of a psychotherapist's services or products; (iv) a statement intended or likely to create false or unjustified expectations of favorable results; (v) a statement implying unusual, unique, or one-of-a-kind abilities; (vi) a statement intended or likely to appeal to a client's fears, anxieties, or emotions concerning the possible results of failure to obtain the offered services; (vii) a statement concerning the comparative desirability of offered services; (viii) a statement of direct solicitation of individual clients.

Principle 7.c: Psychotherapists do not compensate or give anything of value to a representative of the press, radio, television, or other communication medium in anticipation of or in return for professional publicity in a news item. A paid advertisement must be identified as such, unless it is apparent from the context that it is a paid advertisement. If communicated to the public by use of radio or television, an advertisement is prerecorded and approved for broadcast by the psychotherapist. Copies of advertisements and recordings of broadcasts are retained by the psychotherapist.

Principle 7.d: Announcements or advertisements of "personal growth groups," special-interest group sessions, courses, clinics, trainings and agencies give a clear statement of purpose and a clear description of the experiences or training to be provided. The education, training, and experience of the staff members are appropriately specified and available prior to the commencement of the group, training course or services. A clear statement of fees and any contractual implications is available before participation.

Principle 7.e: Psychotherapists associated with the development or promotion of psychotherapeutic techniques, products, books, or other such offered for commercial sale make reasonable efforts to ensure that announcements and advertisements are presented in a professional, scientifically acceptable, ethical and factually informative manner.

Principle 7.f: Psychotherapists do not participate for personal gain in commercial announcements or advertisements recommending to the public the purchase or use of proprietary or single-source products or services when that participation is based solely upon their identification as psychotherapists.

Principle 7.g: Psychotherapists present the science and art of psychotherapy and offer their services, products, and publications fairly and accurately, avoiding misrepresentation through sensationalism, exaggeration, or superficiality. Psychotherapists are guided by the primary obligation to aid the public in developing informed judgments, opinions, and choices.

Principle 7.h: As teachers, psychotherapists ensure that statements in catalogues and course outlines are accurate and not misleading, particularly in terms of subject matter to be covered, bases for evaluating progress, and the nature of course experiences. Announcements, brochures or advertisements describing workshops, seminars, or other educational programs accurately describe the audience for which the program is intended as well as eligibility requirements, educational objectives, and nature of the materials to be covered. These announcements also accurately represent the education, training, and experience of the psychotherapists presenting the programs and any fees involved.

Principle 7.i: Public announcements or advertisements soliciting research participants in which clinical services or other professional services are offered as an inducement make clear the nature of the services as well as the costs and other obligations to be accepted by participants in the research.

Principle 7.j: A psychotherapist accepts the obligation to correct others who represent the psychotherapist's professional qualifications, or associations with products or services, in a manner incompatible with these guidelines.

Principle 7.k: Individual diagnostic and therapeutic services are provided only in the context of a professional psychotherapeutic relationship. When personal advice is given by means of public lectures or demonstrations, newspaper or magazine articles, radio or television programs, mail, or similar media, the psychotherapist utilizes the most current relevant data and exercises the highest level of professional judgment.

Principle 7.l: Products that are described or presented by means of public lectures or demonstrations, newspaper or magazine articles, radio or television programs, mail, or similar media meet the same recognized standards as exist for products used in the context of a professional relationship.



General Principle: In the development, publication, and utilization of psychotherapeutic or psychological assessment techniques, psychotherapists make every effort to promote the welfare and best interests of the client. They guard against the misuse of assessment results. They respect the client's right to know the results, the interpretations made, and the bases for their conclusions and recommendations. Psychotherapists make every effort to maintain the security of tests and other assessment techniques within the limits of legal mandates. They strive to ensure the appropriate use of assessment techniques by others.

Principle 8.a: In using assessment techniques, psychotherapists respect the right of clients to have full explanations of the nature and purpose of the techniques in language the clients can understand, unless an explicit exception to this right has been agreed upon in advance. When the explanations are to be provided by others, psychotherapists establish procedures for ensuring the adequacy of these explanations.

Principle 8.b: Psychotherapists responsible for the development and standardization of psychological tests and other assessment techniques utilize established scientific procedures and observe the relevant PPL, EAP, international, and institutional or organizational standards.

Principle 8.c: In reporting assessment results, psychotherapists indicate any reservations that exist regarding the validity or reliability because of the circumstances of the assessment or the inappropriateness of the norms for the person tested. Psychotherapists strive to ensure that the results of assessments and their interpretations are not misused by others.

Principle 8.d: Psychotherapists recognize that assessment results may become obsolete and do not represent a complete picture of the assessed. They make every effort to avoid and prevent the misuse of obsolete measures or incomplete assessments.

Principle 8.e: Psychotherapists offering scoring and interpretation services are able to produce appropriate evidence for the validity of the programs and procedures used in arriving at interpretations. The public offering of an interpretation service is considered a professional-to-professional consultation. Psychotherapists make every effort to avoid misuse of assessment reports.

Principle 8.f: Psychotherapists do not encourage or promote the use of psychotherapeutic or psychological assessment techniques by inappropriately trained or otherwise unqualified persons through teaching, sponsorship, or supervision.



General Principle: The decision to undertake research rests upon a considered judgment by the individual psychotherapist about how best to contribute to human science and human welfare. Having made the decision to conduct research, the psychotherapist considers alternative directions in which research energies and resources might be invested. On the basis of this consideration, the psychotherapist carries out the investigation with respect and concern for the dignity and welfare of the people who participate and with cognizance of regulations and professional standards governing the conduct of research with human participants.

Principle 9.a: In planning a study, the psychotherapist who carries out the investigation (the investigator) has the responsibility to make a careful evaluation of its ethical acceptability. To the extent that the weighing of scientific and human values suggests a compromise of any principle, the investigator incurs a correspondingly serious obligation to seek ethical advice and observe stringent safeguards to protect the rights of human participants.

Principle 9.b: Considering whether a participant in a planned study will be a "subject at risk" or a "subject at minimal risk", according to recognized standards, is of primary ethical concern to the investigator.

Principle 9.c: The investigator always retains the responsibility for ensuring ethical practice in research. The investigator is also responsible for the ethical treatment of research participants by collaborators, assistants, students, and employees, all of whom, however, incur similar obligations.

Principle 9.d: Except in minimal-risk research, the investigator establishes a clear and fair agreement with research participants, prior to their participation, which clarifies the obligation and responsibilities of each. The investigator has the obligation to honor all promises and commitments in that agreement. The investigator informs the participants of all aspects of the research that might reasonably be expected to influence willingness to participate and explains all other aspects of the research about which the participants inquire. Failure to make full disclosure prior to obtaining informed consent requires additional safeguards to protect the welfare and the dignity of the research participants. Research with children or with participants who have impairments that would limit understanding and/or communication requires special safeguarding procedures.

Principle 9.e: Methodological requirements of a study may make the use of concealment or deception seems necessary. Before conducting such a study, the investigator has a special responsibility to (i) determine whether the use of such techniques is justified by the study's prospective scientific, educational, or implied value; (ii) determine whether alternative procedures are available that does not use concealment or deception; and (iii) ensures that the participants are provided with sufficient explanation as soon as possible. There exists a presumption not to use such techniques.

Principle 9.f: The investigator respects the individual's freedom to decline to participate in or withdraw from the research at any time. The obligation to protect this freedom requires careful thought and consideration when the investigator is in a position of authority or influence over the participant. Such positions of authority include, but are not limited to, situations in which research participation is required as part of employment or in which the participation is a student, client, or employee of the investigator. The rights of the individual predominate over the needs of the investigator to complete the research.

Principle 9.g: The investigator protects the participant from physical and mental discomfort, harm, and danger that may arise from research procedures. If risks of such consequences exist, the investigator informs the participant of that fact. Research procedures likely to cause serious or lasting harm to a participant are not used unless the failure to use these procedures might expose the participant to risk of greater harm, or unless the research has great potential benefit and fully informed and voluntary consent is obtained from each participant. The participant should be informed of procedures for contacting the investigator within a reasonable time period following participation should stress, potential harm, or related questions or concerns arise. Consent obtained from the participant does not limit their legal rights or reduce the investigator's legal responsibilities.

Principle 9.h: After the data are collected, the investigator provides the participant with information about the nature of the study and attempts to remove any misconceptions that may have arisen. Where scientific or humane values justify delaying or withholding this information, the investigator incurs a special responsibility to monitor the research and to ensure that there are no damaging consequences for the participant.

Principle 9.i: Where research procedures result in undesirable consequences for the individual participant, the investigator has the responsibility to detect and remove or correct these consequences, including long-term effects.

Principle 9.j: Information obtained about a research participant during the course of an investigation is confidential unless otherwise agreed upon in advance. When the possibility exists that others may obtain access to such information, this possibility, together with the plans for protecting confidentiality, is explained to the participant as part of the procedure for obtaining informed consent.



General principle: Ethical committee of PPL should primarily provide "ethical support" for the individual members of PPL.

Appendix 1a: Ethical committee of PPL should be available for all individual members and should help them with any ethical difficulties or with ethical questions that arise in their professional work as psychotherapists. It should be realized without risk of any punitive action against such member who applied for information or help.

Appendix 1b: Ethical committee of PPL should take measures to raise awareness, provide education and re-education in the field of professional psychotherapy ethics.

Appendix 1c: Ethical committee of PPL should publish ethical examples, developments in ethics, and informational articles about ethics in editions belonging to the organization.

Appendix 1d: Ethical committee of PPL should be very aware of any special ethical needs and requirements of its individual psychotherapist membership.

Appendix 1e: Ethical committee of PPL should monitor any complaints within, infractions of, and questions about the PPL's ethical code.

Appendix 1f: Ethical committee of PPL should be aware of other unrelated ethical cases that may be significant to the members of PPL and feed this information into a regular review process of the PPL's ethical code.

Appendix 1g: Central Ethical Committee of PPL consists of 5 members and is elected by the central Board (which is elected by AGM meeting) once a year. There are regional Ethical Committees in regional branches of PPL .

Appendix 1h: In the event of any complaint about a member of the PPL Ethical committee of PPL should provide a comprehensive complaints procedure with appropriate investigation and levels of scrutiny and an openness and fairness of implementation.



Appendix 2a: A complaint should be made in a verbal or written form to the Chair of the Ethical Committee.

Appendix 2b: After the complaint is made Ethical committee should give a preliminary answer within 2 weeks and come to a final conclusion and realize it within 2 months. Depending on the significance of the case time limits can be reduced by the Central Board.

Appendix 2c: The complaint can be made by the patient as well as some external or third party (e.g. from the partner of a client).

Appendix 2d: If the complaint is properly made and accepted, PPL is then responsible for the further process of that complaint. PPL undertakes careful investigation of each complaint and if the situation is beyond PPL competence, the decision about responsibility of the parties is made by the relevant authorities (e.g. court).

Appendix 2f: PPL pays for the costs of any investigation and the workings of its complaints procedure.

Appendix 2g: The complained against members of PPL co-operate, disclose information, answer any questions put to them and appear at any hearing voluntary. If there guilt is not proved they are considered to be not guilty.

Appendix 2h: After receiving the complaint the Ethical Committee should inform the member complaint against about the complaint and demand information relevant to the case. It should decide also what extent of facilitation between the complainant and the (complained against) member is possible in each specific situation. The Ethical Committee should undertake careful investigation and on the basis of facts make a decision whether the given complaint is a proper complaint of unethical behavior (rather than some dissatisfaction or grievance). Both parties can appeal for different levels support at all stages of the complaint procedure process. Ethical committee should use all its experience and knowledge to come to a based on proper facts and highest ethical principles resolution towards the complaint as soon as possible.

Appendix 2i: The complained about member has a right for professional support and/or personal or legal representation in any part of the complaints procedure.

Appendix 2j: The complained about member and the complainant have access to material produced by the member in his/her defence, and visa versa when it does not contradict to the Statement of Ethical Principles, Statutes of PPL and national and regional legislation.

Appendix 2l: Ethical Committee of PPL undertakes careful investigation of each complaint, then makes a report to the Central Board and the Central Board pronounces final judgement or recommends further investigation on basis of legal regulations, Statement of Ethical Principles and Statutes of PPL.

Appendix 2m: The limits of competence of the Ethical Committee and Central Board are defined by the Statement of Ethical Principles and the Statutes of PPL. They make decisions on recognition of innocence, expulsion a member from PPL as well as on proposing recommendations to the member (a requirement to attend further education in ethics; a requirement for a period of closer supervision; a suspension or limitation of practice etc) depending on the fact of infringement of PPL's ethical code and on the level of seriousness of this infringement .

Appendix 2n: PPL can accept the resignation of member if a complaint process is outstanding or incomplete, but can't expel a member in such case.

Appendix 2o: If the member is expelled from PPL it should be announced in PPL's editions or on PPL's web-site. However the member can file an appeal against a decision about expulsion to the governing bodies of PPL.


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